Mrauk U is an archaeologically important town in northern Rakhine. It is also the capital of Mrauk-U Township, a sub region of the Sittwe District. It was the capital of Mrauk U Kingdom, the most important and powerful Rakhine kingdom from 1430 to 1785. Mrauk U lies roughly 11 km east of the Kaladan River on the banks of its minor tributaries.
Shit Thaung pagoda
Shit Thaung Pagoda (Temples of 80000 pagodas) built in 1536 AD in Mrauk Oo. The first terrace is 40 feet high and the walls are built with stone blocks. The stone wall on the upper platform thick 9 ft and 12 ft high on the west and south sides. Along the south and north walls there are brick pagodas. The main shrine is said to encase 84000 holy relics and are dedicated to the 84000 future Buddha. And this temple became known as temple of 80000 pagodas. The temple is the tunneled structure with the main cave hall surrounded by tunnels and also connected to a prayer hall.
Koe Thaung Pagoda
Koe Thaung Pagoda is the largest one in Mrauk-U. The name means “Temple of 90,000 Buddha Images”. The site is on flat marshy land, surrounded by paddy fields, and northeast of the place in the centre of the Mrauk-U. Koe-Thaung was struck by lightning because the king attempted to build a pagoda of 90,000 images to outdo his father’s Shit Thaung Shrine of 80,000 images. The temple was built between 1554 and 1556 by King Dikkha. Mrauk-U is also a place where cultural heritages have flourished for many years.
A new Mrauk U museum is located near the palace site. It displays some old artefacts of Vesali, Launggret and Mrauk U periods. The bronze Buddha icons of Rakhine are equistic in design.Various inscribed stone inscriptions in Sanskrit, Rakhine and Arabic are also displayed Votive tablets, Krishna Vishnu, Bodhisattvas, dvarapala, stone htis, lintels coins, musical instruments, ceramics wares are also on display. Everyone interested in the cultural artifacts and ancient relics are finding then in one place. In the Museum, a stone Wunti God Image of 15th century A.D in Mrauk-U period and a part of stone pillars from Zeti of 8th century in Watha Li period are shown.
Dukkanthein Pagoda stands on a hill which is about 30 feet in height. Its structure is like a flat surface in the form of a drum. King Minphalaung built the pagoda in 1571 A.D. Dukkanthein Pagoda was built with sandstones and layers of bricks over the roof. The measurement of the temple is 190 feet from north to south and 200 feet from east to west.